PluginFactory is a mixin module that turns an including class into a factory for its derivatives, capable of searching for and loading them by name. This is useful when you have an abstract base class which defines an interface and basic functionality for a part of a larger system, and a collection of subclasses which implement the interface for different underlying functionality.
An example of where this might be useful is in a program which talks to a database. To avoid coupling it to a specific database, you use a Driver class which encapsulates your program’s interaction with the database behind a useful interface. Now you can create a concrete implementation of the Driver class for each kind of database you wish to talk to. If you make the base Driver class a PluginFactory, too, you can add new drivers simply by dropping them in a directory and using the Driver’s `create` method to instantiate them:
require "PluginFactory" class Driver include PluginFactory def self::derivative_dirs ["drivers"] end end
require 'driver' class MysqlDriver < Driver ...implementation... end
require 'driver' class PostgresDriver < Driver ...implementation... end
require 'driver' config[:driver_type] #=> "mysql" driver = Driver.create( config[:driver_type] ) driver.class #=> MysqlDriver pgdriver = Driver.create( "PostGresDriver" )
create class method added to your class by PluginFactory searches for your module using
several different strategies. It tries various permutations of the base
class’s name in combination with the derivative requested. For example,
assume we want to make a
DataDriver base class, and then use
plugins to define drivers for different kinds of data sources:
require 'pluginfactory' class DataDriver include PluginFactory end
When you attempt to load the ‘socket’ data-driver class like so:
DataDriver.create( 'socket' )
PluginFactory searches for modules with the following names:
'socketdatadriver' 'socket_datadriver' 'socketDataDriver' 'socket_DataDriver' 'SocketDataDriver' 'Socket_DataDriver' 'socket' 'Socket'
Obviously the last one will load something other than what is intended, so you can also tell PluginFactory that plugins should be loaded from a subdirectory by declaring a class method called `derivative_dirs` in the base class. It should return an Array that contains a list of subdirectories to try:
class DataDriver include PluginFactory def self::derivative_dirs ['drivers'] end end
This will change the list that is required to:
'drivers/socketdatadriver' 'drivers/socket_datadriver' 'drivers/socketDataDriver' 'drivers/socket_DataDriver' 'drivers/SocketDataDriver' 'drivers/Socket_DataDriver' 'drivers/socket' 'drivers/Socket'
If you return more than one subdirectory, each of them will be tried in turn:
class DataDriver include PluginFactory def self::derivative_dirs ['drivers', 'datadriver'] end end
will change the search to include:
'drivers/socketdatadriver' 'drivers/socket_datadriver' 'drivers/socketDataDriver' 'drivers/socket_DataDriver' 'drivers/SocketDataDriver' 'drivers/Socket_DataDriver' 'drivers/socket' 'drivers/Socket' 'datadriver/socketdatadriver' 'datadriver/socket_datadriver' 'datadriver/socketDataDriver' 'datadriver/socket_DataDriver' 'datadriver/SocketDataDriver' 'datadriver/Socket_DataDriver' 'datadriver/socket' 'datadriver/Socket'
If the plugin is not found, a FactoryError is raised, and the message will list all the permutations that were tried.
If you need a little more insight into what’s going on, PluginFactory uses ‘Logger’ from the standard library. Just set its logger to your own to include log messages about plugins being loaded:
require 'pluginfactory' require 'logger' class DataDriver include PluginFactory end $logger = Logger.new( $stderr ) $logger.level = Logger::DEBUG PluginFactory.logger = $logger DataDriver.create( 'ringbuffer' )
this might generate a log that looks like:
D, [...] DEBUG -- : Loading derivative ringbuffer D, [...] DEBUG -- : Subdirs are: [""] D, [...] DEBUG -- : Path is: ["ringbufferdatadriver", "ringbufferDataDriver", "ringbuffer"]... D, [...] DEBUG -- : Trying ringbufferdatadriver... D, [...] DEBUG -- : No module at 'ringbufferdatadriver', trying the next alternative: 'no such file to load -- ringbufferdatadriver' D, [...] DEBUG -- : Trying ringbufferDataDriver... D, [...] DEBUG -- : No module at 'ringbufferDataDriver', trying the next alternative: 'no such file to load -- ringbufferDataDriver' D, [...] DEBUG -- : Trying ringbuffer... D, [...] DEBUG -- : No module at 'ringbuffer', trying the next alternative: 'no such file to load -- ringbuffer' D, [...] DEBUG -- : fatals =  E, [...] ERROR -- : Couldn't find a DataDriver named 'ringbuffer': tried ["ringbufferdatadriver", "ringbufferDataDriver", "ringbuffer"]
gem install pluginfactory
After checking out the source, run:
$ rake newb
This task will install any missing dependencies, run the tests/specs, and generate the API documentation.
Copyright © 2008-2012, Michael Granger and Martin Chase All rights reserved.
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