Inversion is a templating system for Ruby. It uses the “Inversion of Control” principle to decouple the contents and structure of templates from the code that uses them, making it easier to separate concerns, keep your tests simple, and avoid polluting scopes with ephemeral data.
Inversion, like most other templating systems, works by giving you a way of defining the static parts of your output, and then letting you combine that at a later point with the dynamic parts:
Create the template and use it to render an exciting message:
tmpl = Inversion::Template.new( "Hello, <?attr name ?>!" ) tmpl.name = "World" puts tmpl.render
<?attr name ?> tag defines the name
accessor on the template object, the value of which is substituted for any
name in the template:
This by itself isn't fantastically useful, but it does illustrate one of the ways in which Inversion is different: the program and the template share data through an API, instead of through a complex data structure, which establishes a clear delineation between what responsibility is the program's and which is the template's. The program doesn't have to know how the view uses the data it's given, and tests of the controller can substitute a Mock Object for the template to test the interaction between the two instead of having to match patterns in the eventual output like an integration test.
You can also interact with the values set in the template:
Name: <?attr employee.full_name ?>
This will call the
#full_name method on whatever is set as the
employee attribute when rendered, and the result will take the
place of the tag.
Here's a slightly more complex example: Say we have a layout template
that contains all the boilerplate, navigation, etc. for the site, and then
<?attr body ?> somewhere in the content area for the
content specific to each view:
layout = Inversion::Template.load( 'templates/layout.tmpl' )
Then there's a view template that displays a bulleted list of article titles:
<!-- articlelist.tmpl --> <section id="articles"> <ul> <?for article in articles ?> <li><?call article.title ?></li> <?end for ?> </ul> </section>
Loading this template results in a Ruby object whose API contains one
#articles. To render the view, we just call that
accessor with instances of an
Article domain class we defined
elsewhere, and then drop the
alist template into the layout
and render them:
alist = Inversion::Template.load( 'templates/alist.tmpl' ) alist.articles = Articles.latest( 10 ) layout.body = alist puts layout.render
for tag in the alist will iterate over the enumerable
Articles and generate an +<li>+ for each one. The resulting template
object will be set as the body of the layout template, and stringified when
the enclosing template is rendered. Templates can be nested this way as
deeply as you like.
For detailed tag documentation and examples, start with the Inversion::Template class in the API documentation.
gem install inversion
You can submit bug reports, suggestions, and read more about future plans at the project page.
After checking out the source, run:
$ rake newb
This task will install any missing dependencies, run the tests/specs, and generate the API documentation.
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